development proposals are released, sustainability in the broadest,
most comprehensive sense is typically not addressed in any meaningful
way. The public is left wih no understanding of what is possible,
resulting in contentious, compromised solutions where communities are
pushed into an adversarial role.
The "ladder of participation" by sociologist
Sherry Arnstein (Building
Democracy, Graham Towers - UCL Press)
To combine both top-down and bottom-up urban
design procedures for real
sites establishes trust, avoids mistake, sparing the cost of endless
litigation. A community planning process, with open work groups, is quite feasible and usually very successful.
A charette rendering for a sustainable urban grid (watercolor - JL Msika)